Jalal al-Din al-Qazwini (666/1268 - 739/1338)

Posted on: 23 April 2019

Jalal al-Din Abu al-Ma’ali Muhammad b. Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Umar al-Ijli al-Qazwini Jalal al-Din migrated with his brother from their hometown to Damascus. His brother was a scholar and presided over Damascus as the chief judge and was also a teacher in al-Madrasat al-Badara’iyyah. Jalal al-Din worked in the magistrate under his brother and then under Najm al-Din Sasra. Jalal al-Din was appointed as the main lecturer in the Umayyad Mosque, and became known as “Khatib Dimashq.”[1] After this, he was appointed as the chief justice, a position he was very much qualified for being both a Shafi’i jurist and a man of letters. When Badr al-Din Ibn Jama’ah went blind, Qazwini was took over his position in Egypt as Cairo’s chief judge for a brief time. After which he resigned from that post in order to return to the Levant. He authored Talkhis al-Miftah and another work under the title al-Idah. He passed away to the mercy of his Lord in Damascus in the year 739.[2]

[1] al-A’lam vol. 6, pg. 192.

[2] Tabaqat al-Shafiyyat al-Kubra vol. 9, pg. 158.