A Few Important Books in Shafi'i Fiqh

Posted on: 15 June 2015

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Imam Shafi’s Writings

Kitab al-Umm الأم           

Kitab al-Umm is one of Imam Shafi’s (d. 204) works that represent his qawl jadid. It was transmitted by his student Rabi al-Muradi.

al-Risalah الرسالة

Imam Shafi’s (d. 204) Risalah is the first book compiled in the subject of Usul al-Fiqh. It was written on the request of Abd al-Rahman b. Mahdi.

Ikhtilaf al-Hadith اختلاف الحديث

Some, like Imam Ghazzali in Mustasfa, ascribe Ikhtilaf al-Hadtih to be part of the qawl qadim. However, according to Imam Subki, Imam Shafi’s Egyptian students transmitted it, hence it is part of his qawl jadid.

al-Imla الإملاء

Imam Nawawi pointed out that Imam Shafi’s Imla is a work from the qawl jadid and a work under the title al-Amali الأمالي that is part of the qawl qadim. These are two different works.

Ikhtilaf al-Iraqiyani اختلاف العراقيين

Ikhtilaf al-Iraqiyani is one of Imam Shafi’s works. The two Iraqis referred to in the title are Abu Hanifah and Muhammad b. Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Layla. Thus, the title of the work, specifically the word العراقيين, is dual, with a fathah on the first ya and a kasrah on the final nun. This book is part of Kitab al-Umm, being about half a volume in size.

Jima al-Ilm جماع العلم

Ibn al-Subki ascribed two different versions of Jima al-Ilm to Imam Shafi’i: Jima al-Ilm al-Kabir and Jima al-Ilm al-Saghir.

Ibtal al-Istihsan إبطال الاستحسان

Ibtal al-Istihsan is part of Kitab al-Umm.

Siyar al-Awza’i سير الأوزاعي

Siyar al-Awza’i is part of Kitab al-Umm.

Ikhtilaf Malik wa al-Shafi’i اختلاف مالك والشافعي

Ikhtilaf Malik wa al-Shafi’i is part of Kitab al-Umm.

Ikhtilaf Ali wa Abd Allah b. Masud اختلاف علي وعبد الله بن مسعود

Ikhtilaf Ali wa Abd Allah is part of Kitab al-Umm.

Kitab al-Hujjah كتاب الحجة

This is one of Imam Shafi’s Iraqi works that comprise his qawl qadim, the transmitters of the qadim relate it.

The Writings of His Students: the Mukhtasars

Mukhtasar al-Buwayti  مختصر البويطي

Mukhtasar al-Buwayti is Imam Buwayti’s (d. 231) summarization that he compiled based on the discourses of his teacher, Imam al-Shafi’i. It is one of the works that defines the qawl jadid.

Mukhtasar al-Muzani مختصر المزني

Mukhtasar al-Muzani is Muzani’s (d. 264) summarization of the discourses of Imam Shafi’i. Perhaps being the prototype matn, it is a significant contribution not only to the Shafi’i Madhhab, but also to all subsequent fiqh writing. The Shafi’is engaged this work diligently, teaching it, commentating on it, studying it, relating it, and preserving it. It bridged the gap between extensive information-filled reference work and meaning-packed summarization.

The Ashab al-Wujuh until Shaykhayn

al-Tawassut bayna al-Shafi’i wa al-Muzani التوسط بين الشافعي والمزني

al-Tawassut bayna al-Shafi’i wa al-Muzani is Abu Ishaq al-Marwazi’s (d. 340) work. If the Ashab mention “Abu Ishaq,” then they are probably referring to this Abu Ishaq al-Marwazi.

al-Furu' الفروع

al-Furu is Muhammad b. Ahmad Ibn al-Haddad’s ابن الحداد (d. 344) work. When the authors merely mentioned “al-Furu,” then they are citing from here. Ibn al-Haddad both a teacher and judge in Egypt, known to finish reading an entire Quran daily and maintained the fast of Dawud. He kept the company of Imam Nasai, being a hadith expert in his own right. Imam Dhahabi has included a biography for him in his Tadhkirat al-Huffaz. He passed away in Cairo.

al-Ta’liq ala Mukhtasar al-Muzani التعليق على مختصر المزني

al-Ta’liq ala Mukhtasar al-Muzani is Ibn Abi Hurayrah’s (d. 345) work on Mukhtasar al-Muzani. It was about one volume in size. Ibn Abi Hurayrah’s name is Hasan b. Husayn. He was one of the Iraqi Ashab, the leadership of the Madhhab rested with him during his era. He took fiqh from Ibn Surayj and thereafter from Abu Ishaq al-Marwazi. He passed in Baghdad.

al-Ifsah Sharh Mukhtasar al-Muzani الإفصاح شرح مختصر المزني

al-Ifsah is Abu Ali Hasan b. al-Qasim al-Tabari’s (d. 350) commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani. Abu Ali lived in Baghdad and passed away there too. He was a student of Ibn Abi Hurayrah.

al-Jami’ الجامع

al-Jami’ is Qadi Abu Hamid Ahmad b. Bishr al-Marwarrudhi’s (d. 362) work. It should be noted that when the late Khurasani authors, like Imam al-Haramayn in Nihayah, Mutawalli in Tatimmah, Baghawi in Tahdhib, Ghazzali, etc, refer to merely “al-Qadi,” then it is Qadi Husayn. In addition, when the middle-stage Iraqi authors merely refer to “al-Qadi,” then it is this Qadi Abu Hamid al-Marwarrudhi. This authority is Qadi Abu Hamid, and should not be confused with Shaykh Abu Hamid (i.e. al-Isfarayini). Along with his Jami’, Qadi Abu Hamid also authored a commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani.

Note: The ascription, al-Marwarrudhi المروروذي, is to the town of Marw al-Rudh, مرو الروذ. Individuals with the ascription al-Marwazi المروزي are from the city of Marw al-Shahijan, مرو الشاهجان. These are near to each other; Yaqut al-Hamawi mentioned that a five-day journey separated them. The ascription al-Marrudhi المروذي is also for people who come from Marw al-Rudh. Marw al-Shahijan is better known, being one of Khurasan’s most famous cities. Its Persian influenced name as well reflects its distinguished status, the word Shahijan is comprised of two Persian words; the first is Shah الشاه, which means sovereignty, السلطان in Arabic, while الجان means spirit, الروح in Arabic. The other Marw, مرو الروذ, sits on a large river; and الروذ is Persian for river.

In English Marw is called Merv. Today, it is located near the town Mary in Turkmenistan. If the current city of Mary is in fact Marw al-Rudh or Marw al-Shahijan would need to be investigated further. Hamawi mentions Marw al-Rudh sat on a large river, and today’s Mary in Turkmenistan is noted to be a desert oasis that sits on the Morghaab River. 

al-Intisar ala Mukhtasar al-Muzani الانتصار على مختصر المزني

al-Intisar is Ibn Adi al-Jurjani’s (d. 365) work.

al-Murshid المرشد

al-Murshid is Juri’s (d. ?) ten volume commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani. Ibn al-Subki mentioned that both Ibn al-Rif’ah and Taqi al-Subki frequently cite from it, and it should be noted that Shaykhayn did not have access to it. Moreover, that Juri cites Ibn Abi Hurayrah and that generation of authorities frequently. His dates of birth and death have not been mentioned. While in some of the tabaqat literature, he is placed between the years 398 and 400.

al-Taqrib Sharh Mukhtasar al-Muzani التقريب شرح مختصر المزني

al-Taqrib Sharh Mukhtasar al-Muzani is Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Ali al-Qaffal al-Shashi al-Kabir’s (d. 400) work. A work praised by many, Imam Bayhaqi mentioned it in his letter to Abu Muhammad al-Juwayni. If the authors cite “al-Qaffal al-Shashi,” then it is this Qaffal. If they cite “al-Qaffal al-Marwazi,” then it is the Imam of the Khurasani tariqah, Abu Bakr Abd Allah b. Ahmad al-Qaffal al-Saghir al-Marwazi (d. 417).

al-Ta’liqah al-Kabirah ala Mukhtasar al-Muzani التعليقة الكبيرة على مختصر المزني

al-Ta’liqah al-Kabirah ala Mukhtasar al-Muzani is Shaykh Abu Hamid al-Isfarayini’s (d. 406) work. It is an important work in the Madhhab, especially for the Iraqi Ashab and a group of the Khurasanis too. It stretched into fifty volumes discussing legal issues extensively, critically assessing primary source evidence, and mentioning the Madhahib of the ulama. It was through this work that the Iraqi tariqah spread.

Ru’us al-Masa’il رؤوس المسائل

Ru’us al-Masa’il is Mahamili’s (d. 415) work. He discussed the theory behind rulings in this two-volume work.


al-Tajrid is Mahamili’s (d. 415) work.

Sharh Furu Ibn al-Haddad شرح فروع ابن الحداد

There are various works with the title Sharh Furu Ibn al-Haddad. al-Qaffal al-Marwazi al-Saghir (d. 417) has one, as does Abu Ishaq al-Isfarayini (d. 418), Abu Bakr al-Saydalani (d. 427), and others.

al-Jami’ الجامع

al-Jami’ is Abu Ali Hasan b. Abd Allah al-Bandaniji’s (d. 425) work. It is four volumes in size. Imam Nawawi mentioned that a similar work from amongst the works of the Ashab al-Wujuh is rare. It is mostly in accordance with Shaykh Abu Hamid, being an excellent summarization it contains many topics, and omits discussions on the evidence.

al-Ta’liqah al-Jami’ah bayna al-Tariqatayn التعليقة الجامعة بين الطريقتين

al-Ta’liqah al-Jami’ah bayna al-Tariqatayn is Abu Ali al-Sinji’s (d. 427) work. He gathered in it, with accuracy and insight, the Iraqi and Khurasani tariqahs. He was the first to have attempted such.

al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib الغاية والتقريب

al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib is Qadi Abu Shuja al-Asbahani’s (d. 437) famous primer.

al-Tabsirah التبصرة

al-Tabsirah is Abu Muhammad al-Juwayni’s work (d. 438). When the authors merely cite “al-Tabsirah,” then it is from here.

al-Istidhkar الاستذكار

al-Istidhkar is Abu al-Faraj al-Darimi al-Baghdadi’s (d. 448) work.

al-Ta’liq al-Kabir التعليق الكبير

al-Ta’liq al-Kabir is Qadi Abu Tayyib al-Tabari’s (d. 450) work. It is ten volumes in size.

al-Hawi al-Kabir الحاوي الكبير

al-Hawi al-Kabir is Qadi Mawardi’s (d. 450) commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani.

al-Khilafiyyat الخلافيات

al-Khilafiyyat is Imam Bayhaqi’s (d. 458) work.

al-Mabsut fi Jami Nusus al-Shafi’i المبسوط في جامع نصوص الشافعي

al-Mabsut fi Jami Nusus al-Shafi’i is Imam Bayhaqi’s (d. 458) work.

Marifat al-Sunan wa al-Athar معرفة السنن والآثار

Marifat al-Sunan wa al-Athar is Imam Bayhaqi’s (d. 458) work.

al-Ibanah الإبانة

al-Ibanah is ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad al-Furani’s (d. 461) work. Furani in his Ibanah was one of the first to being to give preference to one view over another by stating that it is asahh, etc. In Yemen, Furani’s work by mistake was ascribed to Mas’udi. Thus, if ‘Imrani in his Bayan cites Mas’udi he is in fact citing Furani.

Asrar al-Fiqh أسرار الفقه

Asrar al-Fiqh is Qadi Husayn’s (d. 462) work.

al-Tanbih التنبيه

al-Tanbih is one of Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi’s (d. 476) work. He based it on the Ta’liqah of Abu Hamid al-Marwazi.

al-Muhadhdhab المهذب

al-Muhadhdhab is one of Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi’s (d. 476) works. He based it upon the lessons and teachings of his teacher Qadi Abu al-Tayyib.

al-Shamil الشامل

al-Shamil is Ibn al-Sabbagh’s (d. 477) commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani. Where the authors cite from “al-Shamil” it is from here.

Tatimmat al-Ibanah تتمة الإبانة

Tatimmat al-Ibanah is Mutawalli’s (d. 478) commentary on his teacher Furani’s Ibanah. He gathered in it a vast amount of topics and uncommon opinions, while he passed away before completing the work.

Nihayat al-Matlab fi Dirayat al-Madhhab نهاية المطلب في دراية المذهب

Nihayat al-Matlab fi Dirayat al-Madhhab is Imam al-Haramayn’s (d. 478) commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani.

Bahr al-Madhhab بحر المذهب

Bahr al-Madhhab is Abd al-Wahid b. Ismail al-Ruyani’s (d. 502) work.

al-Basit البسيط

al-Basit is one of Imam Ghazzli’s (d. 505) works. It is a very significant work. It is his abridgement of the Imam al-Haramayn’s Nihayat al-Matlab.

al-Wasit الوسيط

al-Wasit is one of Ghazzali’s (d. 505) works. It is based upon his one of his previous works, namely, the Basit

al-Wajiz الوجيز

al-Wajiz is one of Ghazzali’s (d. 505) works. It is an abridgement of another one of his works, namely, the Wasit.

Ihya Ulum al-Din إحياء علوم الدين

Ihya is one of Ghazzali’s (d. 505) works.

al-Khulasah الخلاصة

al-Khulasah is one of Imam Ghazzali’s (d. 505) works. It is his smallest work in the subject of fiqh.

al-Tahdhib التهذيب

al-Tahdhib is one of Baghawi’s (d. 516) works. It is based upon his teacher Qadi Husayn’s teachings.

al-Lubab اللباب

al-Lubab is Abu Tahir Mahamili’s (d. 528) work. Ibn Qadi Shuhbah mentioned that many ascribe this work to Abu al-Hasan al-Mahamili while in fact it is a work from his grandson Abu Tahir.

al-Mustadrak المستدرك

al-Mustadrak is Ismail b. Abd al-Wahid al-Bushanji’s البوشنجي (d. 536) work. When the authors merely cite “al-Mustadrak,” then it is from here.

al-Dhakha’ir الذخائر

al-Dhakha’ir is Qadi Mujalli b. Jumay’ al-Makhzumi’s (d. 550) work. If the authors mention the work “al-Dhakha’ir,” then they are referring to this work.

al-Bayan Sharh al-Muhadhdhab البيان شرح المهذب

al-Bayah is Yahya b. Abi al-Khayr al-‘Imrani’s (d. 558) commentary of Shirazi’s Muhadhdhab.

al-Kafi الكافي

al-Kafi is Abu Muhammad al-Khawarizmi al-‘Abbasi’s (d. 568) work. When the authors merely cite “al-Kafi,” then it is from here.

al-Intisar الانتصار

al-Intisar is Ibn Abi ‘Asrun’s (d. 585) work. When reference is made to “al-Intisar” in other works, then it would be from here.

Safwat al-Madhhab Mukhtasar Nihayat al-Matlab صفوة المذهب مختصر نهاية المطلب

Safwat al-Madhhab Mukhtasar Nihayat al-Matlab is Ibn Abi ‘Asrun’s (d. 585) work on Imam al-Haramayn’s Nihayat al-Matlab.

Tatimmat al-Tatimmat تتمة التتمة

Tatimmat al-Tatimmat is Asad b. Mahmud al-Asbahani’s (d. 600) completion of Mutawalli’s Tatimmat. It served as a relied-upon work in Asbahan for fatwa.

al-Istiqsa Sharh al-Muhadhdhab الاستقصاء شرح المهذب

al-Istiqsa Sharh al-Muhadhdhab is Abu Amr Uthman b. Isa al-Marani الماراني al-Misri’s (d. 602) commentary on Shirazi’s Muhadhdhab.

Adab al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti أدب المفتي والمستفتي

Adab al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti is Ibn al-Salah’s (d. 643) work.

al-Hawi al-Saghir الحاوي الصغير

al-Hawi al-Saghir is Abd al-Ghaffar al-Qazwini’s (d. 665) work. If the authors mention the work “al-Hawi” then they are referring to this work. At times, they may also be referring to Mawardi’s al-Hawi al-Kabir.

The Writings from the First Evaluation, Shaykhayn: Imams Rafi’i and Nawawi

Fath al-Aziz Sharh al-Wajiz فتح العزيز شرح الوجيز

Fath al-Aziz Sharh al-Wajiz is Imam Rafi’s commentary on Ghazzli’s Wajiz. Imam Nawawi based his Rawdat al-Talibin on it, thus is can at times be mentioned as the “asl” of Rawdah i.e. الروضة وأصلها.

al-Sharh al-Saghir الشرح الصغير

al-Sharh al-Saghir is another commentary of Raf’i's on al-Wajiz.

al-Muharrar المحرر

al-Muharrar is one of Rafi’s works. Rafi’i gives precedence to variant opinions from amongst his predecessors in the work.

al-Majmu Sharh al-Muhadhdhab المجموع شرح المهذب

al-Majmu Sharh al-Muhdhdhab is one of Imam Nawawi’s works. It is a commentary on Shirazi’s Muhadhdhab. The work is encyclopedic and stretches into many volumes, even so Nawawi passed away before he could complete it. He completely finished up to Kitab al-Buyu [the Book of Trade]. The work provides in-depth insight both into source evidence and variant opinions from Nawawi’s predecessors, both in the Madhhab and from other too. After Imam Nawawi’s passing Taqi al-Din al-Subki completed another volume and then he passed away as well. Others have completed more too.

al-Tahqiq التحقيق

al-Tahqiq is one of Nawawi’s works. He passed away before completing it and only finished up to Kitab al-Musafir [the Book of Travelling].

al-Tanqih Sharh al-Wasit التنقيح شرح الوسيط

al-Tanqih Sharh al-Wasit is one of Nawawi’s works. It is a commentary upon Ghazzali’s Wasit. Nawawi did not finish this work but completed only up to Kitab Shurut al-Salah [the Book of the Conditions of Prayer]. It is a significant work in that Nawawi intended to include a substantial amount of indispensible information specifically for those who hope to learn much in a short of time. This work does not shy from touching on a vast amount of different topics from the jurisprudence, to analysis of primary sources, to critical examination of hadith evidence, etc.

Rawdat al-Talibin روضة الطالبين

Rawdat al-Talibin is one of Nawawi’s works. It is an abridgement of Rafi’s al-Sharh al-Kabir. The work mostly excludes discussions on evidence from the primary sources, while it amply expands the jurisprudence with fluid diction and coherent arrangement. A most valuable presentation of difference of opinions found within the Shafi’i School. The work is very comprehensive with uncommon legal issues included therein.

Minhaj al-Talibin منهاج الطالبين

Minhaj al-Talibin is one of Imam Nawawi’s works. It is an abridgement of Rafi’s Muharrar. The abridgement is only half the Muharrar in size in order to facilitate its memorization. Points of jurisprudential difference are common in the work though a mere abridgement. In fact, the author frequently highlights these differences mostly through specific nomenclature. Imam Nawawi frequently states his stances by evaluating the variant opinions between his predecessors taking into consideration the strength of the evidence قوة الدليل or majority opinion الأكثرية. Many abridgements and commentaries are based on it. According to Imam Suyuti the work was completed in the month of Ramadan in 667.

The Muhaqqiqun

al-Iqlid الإقليد

al-Iqlid is Ibn al-Firkah’s ابن الفركاح (d. 690) work. He also has an extensive commentary on Shirazi's Tanbih.

Kifayat al-Nabih Sharh al-Tanbih كفاية النبيه شرح التنبيه

Kifayat al-Nabih Sharh al-Tanbih is Ibn al-Rif’ah’s (d. 710) commentary on Shirazi’s Tanbih. Where the authors merely cite “al-Kifayah,” then it is from here.

al-Ishkalat ala al-Wasit الإشكالات على الوسيط

al-Ishkalat ala al-Wasit is Umar b. Ahmad al-Nasha’i's النشائي (d. 716) work. It is two volumes in size although he did not complete it.

al-Bahr al-Muhit Sharh al-Wasit البحر المحيط شرح الوسيط

al-Bahr al-Muhit is Qamuli’s القمولي (d. 727) commentary on Ghazzali’s Wasit. Isnawi mentioned that it was a very extensive commentary.

Mukhtasar al-Kifayah مختصر الكفاية

Mukhtasar al-Kifayah Ibn al-Naqib al-Misri’s (d. 745) summarization of Ibn al-Rif’ah’s Kifayah. Ibn al-Naqib also wrote a work in Shafi’i fiqh under the title Umdat al-Salik and a Nukat on Minhaj al-Talibin.

al-Bahjah Nazm al-Hawi al-Saghir البهجة نظم الحاوي الصغير

al-Bahjah is Ibn al-Wardi’s (d. 749) versification of Qazwini’s al-Hawi al-Saghir.

Taysir al-Fatawi ala Tahrir al-Hawi تيسير الفتاوي على تحرير الحاوي

Taysir al-Fatawi ala Tahrir al-Hawi is Barizi’s البارزي (d. 738) work on al-Hawi. He elucidated on general points and explained difficult passages. Thus, it functions as a commentary.

al-Ibriz Jam’ al-Hawi wa al-Wajiz الإبريز جمع الحاوي والوجيز

al-Ibriz is Ahmad b. Umar (Ibn) al-Nasha’i's (d. 757) work. Subki praised it. Its brilliant passages are at times difficult due to the author’s abridged writing style.

al-Ibtihaj Sharh al-Minhaj الابتهاج شرح المنهاج

al-Ibtihaj Sharh al-Minhaj is Taqi al-Din al-Subki’s (d. 756) commentary on Nawawi’s Minhaj. Even after writing eight volumes, Subki only finished up to Kitab al-Talaq [the Chapter of Divorce].

al-Tarshih الترشيح

al-Tarshih is Ibn al-Subki’s (d. 771) work.

al-Tawdih التوضيح

al-Tawdih is Ibn al-Subki’s (d. 771) commentary on Minhaj.

al-Muhimmat المهمات

al-Muhimmat is Isnawi’s (d. 772) work. This is his exposition into the places in both Rawdah and Sharh Kabir where he found grounds to raise objections against Shaykhayn. This writing would be the impetus for others to contribute after Isnawi, like Ibn al-Imad, Bulqini, Adhra’i in his Tawassut, Zarkashi in Khadim, and others by assessing Isnawi’s contentions, and analyzing both what is sound therein as well as what may have raised issue against.

Kafi al-Muhtaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj كافي المحتاج في شرح المنهاج

Kafi al-Muhtaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj is Jamal al-Din al-Isnawi’s (d. 772) commentary on Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin. It is possible that his student Zarkashi completed it for him.

al-Alghaz الألغاز

Al-Alghaz is Isnawi’s (d. 772) one volume work.

al-Anwar li Amal al-Abrar الأنوار لعمل الأبرار

al-Anwar is Yusuf Ardabili’s (d. 779) compilation wherein he joined in a two volume work Rawdah, Sharh Kabir, Sharh al-Lubab, Muharrar, and Hawi.

al-Tanbihat ala Awham al-Muhimmat التنبيهات على أوهام المهمات

al-Tanbihat ala Awham al-Muhimmat is Adhra’i's (d. 783) work, it was three volumes in size and reached until the chapters on talaq.

al-Tawassut wa al-Fath bayna al-Rawdah wa al-Sharh التوسط والفتح بين الروضة والشرح

al-Tawassut wa al-Fath bayna al-Rawdah wa al-Sharh is Adhra’i's (d. 783) work. It is twenty volumes in size.

Qut al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj قوت المحتاج شرح المنهاج

Qut al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj is Adhra’i's (d. 783) ten-volume commentary on Imam Nawawi’s Minhaj.

Khadim al-Rafi’i wa al-Rawdah خادم الرافعي والروضة

Khadim al-Rafi’i wa al-Rawdah is Zarkashi’s (d. 794) beneficial explanation on the difficult issues in Rawdah and the hard-to-understand places in Fath al-Aziz. He compiled it according to Muhimmat’s arrangement and relied much on Adhra’i. He gathered the jist of what was in the commentaries of Isnawi, Adhra’i, Ibn Imad, and Bulqini along with his own insightful contributions.

Khulasat al-Fatawi fi Tahrir Asrar al-Hawi خلاصة الفتاوي في تحرير أسرار الحاوي

Khulasat al-Fatawi fi Tahrir Asrar al-Hawi is Ibn al-Nahwi’s (d. 804) two-volume commentary on al-Hawi.

Sharh al-Minhaj شرح المنهاج

Ibn al-Nahwi (Ibn al-Mulaqqin) (d. 804) has various works on Minhaj al-Talibin, such as Tuhfat al-Muhtaj ila Adillah al-Minhaj, Ujalat al-Minhaj, Umdat al-Minhaj, and others.

Tatimmat al-Muhimmat تتمة المهمات

Tatimmat al-Muhimmat is Zayn al-Din al-Iraqi’s (d. 806) work [istidrak] on the Muhimmat.

al-Ta’qibat ala al-Muhimmat التعقيبات على المهمات

al-Ta’aqqubat ala al-Muhimmat is Ibn Imad’s (d. 808) work on Isnawi’s Muhimmat.

Tahrir al-Fatawi تحرير الفتاوي

Tahrir al-Fatawi is Abu Zur’ah Wali al-Din al-Iraqi’s (d. 826) work on Minhaj, Tanbih, and Hawi. Iraqi took Nashai’i's and Ibn al-Naqib’s notes on Minhaj and Ibn al-Nahwi’s notes on Hawi and loaded the work with points of benefit from Siraj Bulqini; thus, the work became renowned for its benefit.

al-Irshad Mukhtasar al-Hawi الإرشاد مختصر الحاوي

al-Irshad is Ibn al-Muqri al-Yemeni’s (d. 837) summarization of Qazwini’s al-Hawi al-Saghir.

Rawd al-Talib روض الطالب

Rawd al-Talib is Ibn al-Muqri’s (d. 837) abridgement of Nawawi’s Rawdat al-Talibin.

Sharh al-Minhaj شرح المنهاج

Sharh al-Minhaj is one of Ibn Qadi Shubah’s ابن قاضي شهبة (d. 851) works.

al-Idah Nukat al-Hawi الإيضاح نكت الحاوي

al-Idah Nukat al-Hawi is Nashiri’s الناشري (d. 873) work. It is two or three volumes in size.

Kanz al-Raghibin Sharh Minhaj al-Talibin كنز الراغبين شرح منهاج الطالبين

Kanz al-Raghibin Sharh Minhaj al-Talibin is Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli’s (d. 864) commentary on Imam Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin.

Tahsin al-Khadim تحصين الخادم

Tahsin al-Khadim is Suyuti’s (d. 911) summarization of Zarkashi’s Khadim.

al-Ubab wa al-Muhit fi Nusus al-Shafi’i wa al-Ashab العباب

al-Ubab wa al-Muhit fi Nusus al-Shafi’i wa al-Ashab is Muzajjad’sالمزجد  (d. 930) work.

The Writings from the Second Evaluation: The Commentators on Minhaj

Manhaj al-Tullab منهج الطلاب

Minhaj al-Tullab is Shaykh al-Islam’s (d. 925) abridgement of Nawawi’s Minhaj. He omitted in the work all the different opinions that Nawawi included and mentioned only what he understood to be foremost.

Fath al-Wahhab فتح الوهاب

Fath al-Wahhab is Shaykh al-Islam’s (d. 925) commentary on his own abridgement of Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin.

Asna al-Matalib أسنى المطالب

Asna al-Matalib is Shaykh al-Islam’s (d. 925) commentary on Ibn al-Muqri’s Rawd al-Talib.

Tahrir Tanqih al-Lubab تحرير تنقيح اللباب

Tahrir Tanqih al-Lubab is Shaykh al-Islam’s (d. 925) summarization of Iraqi’s Tanqih al-Lubab, which is in turn a summarization of Mahamili’s Lubab.

Fath al-Rahman Sharh Safwat al-Zubad فتح الرحمن

Fath al-Rahman Sharh Safwat al-Zubad is Shihab Ramli’s (d. 958) commentary on the Zubad.

Hawashy Sharh al-Rawd حواشي شرح الروض

Hawashy Sharh al-Rawd is Shawbari's gathering both the Ramli’s (d. 958) commentary on Shaykh al-Islam’s Asna al-Matalib.

Fatawa al-Ramli al-Kabir فتاوى الرملي الكبير

Fatawa al-Ramli al-Kabir is a collection of Shihab Ramli’s (d. 958) fatawa.

Tuhfat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj تحفة المحتاج

Tuhfat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj is Ibn Hajar al-Haytami’s (d. 974) commentary on Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin. It is one of the primary reference works for fatwa in the madhhab.

al-Imdad Sharh al-Irshad الإمداد شرح الإرشاد

al-Imdad is Ibn Hajar al-Haytami’s (d. 974) commentary on Ibn al-Muqri’s abridgement of Qazwini’s al-Hawi al-Saghir. This would be the larger of Haytami’s two commentaries on Irshad.

Fath al-Jawwad Sharh al-Irshad فتح الجواد شرح الإرشاد

Fath al-Jawwad is also Haytami’s (d. 974) commentary on Irshad, more summarized than Imdad.

al-I’ab Sharh al-Ubab الإيعاب شرح العباب

al-I’ab is Ibn Hajar’s (d. 974) commentary on Muzajjad’s Ubab.

al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى

al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra is Haytami’s (d. 974) collection of fatawa. It is four volumes. There is also a fatawa of his under the title al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyyah, which is a single volume.

Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Marifat Maani Alfaz al-Minhaj مغني المحتاج

Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Marifat Maani Alfaz al-Minhaj is al-Khatib al-Shirbini’s (d. 977) commentary on Nawawi’s Minhaj.

al-Iqna الإقناع

al-Iqna is Khatib Shirbini’s (d. 977) commentary on Qadi Abu Shuja’s al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib.

Nihayat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj نهاية المحتاج

Nihayat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj is Ramli’s (d. 1004) commentary on Imam Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin. It is one of the primary reference works for fatwa in the madhhab.