A Key to the Abbreviation System for Authorities Names in the Hawashy Literature

Posted on: 10 June 2015

One studying the works of the Shafi’i School’s later authorities will often find reference made to other scholars by a mere abbreviation. The following is a key to abbreviations commonly found:

عطية الله بن عطية البرهاني القاهري الأجهوري

أ ج Sh. Atiyyat Allah b. Atiyyah al-Burhani al-Qahiri al-Ujhuri (d. 1190) commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi. Also, he commented on Khatib’s Iqna’ under the title Fath al-Latif al-Mujib bi Ma Yata’allaqu bi Kitab Iqna’ al-Khatib. (Iqna’ is Khatib Shirbini’s commentary on Qadi Abu Shuja’s Ghayat al-Ikhtisar).

محمد بن منصور الإطفيحي

 أط or  أط فSh. Muhammad b. Mansur al-Itfihi (1032-1110) commented on Shaykh al-Islam’s Fath al-Wahhab.

برهان الدين إبراهيم بن محمد بن أحمد الباجوري أو البيجوري

با ج Sh. Burhan al-Din Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Bajuri or al-Bayjuri (1198-1277) was Shaykh al-Azhar and a Shafi’i faqih. He commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi.

سليمان بن محمد بن عمر البجيرمي

ب ج Sh. Sulayman b. Muhammad b. Umar al-Bujayrami (1131-1221) was an Egyptian faqih, born in the western Egyptian city of Bujayrm, he relocated to Cairo while still young. There, he studied at al-Azhar University. He authored al-Tajrid li Naf’ al-‘Abid which is a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab and Tuhfat al-Habib which is a commentary on Iqna’.

إبراهيم بن محمد البرماوي الأنصاري الأزهري

ب ر Sh. Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Birmawi al-Ansari al-Azhari (d. 1106) commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi, which was published in 1287. It was published again in 1298, with the marginal notes of Muhammad al-Anbabi. Also, he commented on Fath al-Wahhab in two volumes, which has not been published. A manuscript of that work is located in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah. He studied with Muhammad al-Shawbari and Sultan al-Mazzahi.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن محمد بن علي بن حجر الهيتمي الأنصاري

ح ج Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Hajar al-Haytami al-Ansari (909-974) wrote Tuhfat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj, Fath al-Jawwad, al-Imdad Sharh al-Irshad, his Fatawa, al-I’ab Sharh al-‘Ubab, al-Minhaj al-Qawim, Ashraf al-Wasa’il, al-Fath al-Mubin, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah, al-Zawajir, and other valuable works. There are two collections of fatawa ascribed to Ibn Hajar, one under the title al-Fatawa al-Kubra al-Fiqhiyyah, published by Dar al-Fikr and others in four volumes. Also, there is one under the title al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyyah, published by Dar al-Fikr and others in a single volume.

شمس الدين محمد بن أحمد الشوبري

شوبري Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Shawbari (977-1069) was born in the western Egyptian city of Shawbar. He studied at al-Azhar University and passed away in Cairo.

Khidar al-Shawbari is mentioned to feature with his name abbreviated by خ ض or خضر. He was one of Ziyadi’s students. He authored a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab and another on Sharh al-Tahrir.

محمد بن سالم الحفني أو الحفناوي

ح ف  Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Salim al-Hafni or al-Hafnawi (1101-1181) wrote a hashiyah on Suyuti’s al-Jami’ al-Saghir and Bulaq printed it in two volumes in 1290. Also, he wrote a hashiyah on Ibn Hajar’s Sharh al-Hamziyyah which was printed in the margins of al-Minah al-Makkiyyah. He studied at al-Azhar University and eventually became Shaykh al-Azhar.

نور الدين علي بن إبراهيم بن أحمد الحلبي ثم القاهري

ح ل Sh. Abu al-Faraj Nur al-Din ‘Ali b. Ibrahim b. Ahmad al-Halabi al-Qahiri (975-1044) commented on Fath al-Wahhab and on Mahalli’s Sharh al-Waraqat.

عبد الحميد الشرواني الداغستاني

حميد  or  عيد Sh. Abd al-Hamid b. Husayn al-Sharwani al-Daghastani al-Makki (d. 1301) commented on Ibn Hajar’s Tuhfat al-Muhtaj.

شمس الدين محمد بن محمد الخطيب الشربيني

خ ط Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Khatib al-Shirbini (d. 977) commented on Ghayat al-Ikhtisar under the title al-Iqna’. Also, he commented on Shirazi’s Tanbih, and Imam Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin under the title Mughni al-Muhtaj. He was a direct student of both Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari and Shihab al-Dunya wa al-Din al-Ramli al-Kabir.

نور الدين علي بن يحيى الزيادي المصري

ز ي Sh. Nur al-Din Ali b. Yahya al-Ziyadi al-Misri (d. 1024) commented on both Fath al-Wahhab and Muharrar.

أبو العزائم سلطان بن أحمد بن سلامة بن إسماعيل المزاحي المصري

س ل Sh. Abu al-Aza’im Sultan b. Ahmad b. Salamah b. Ismail al-Mazzahi al-Misri (985-1075) commented on Fath al-Wahhab. Manuscript copies are lodged in the Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن قاسم الصباغ العبادي المصري

سم Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. al-Qasim al-Sabbagh al-‘Abbadi al-Misri (d. 993) took from ‘Amirah. He authored al-Ayat al-Bayyinat which is a commentary on Sharh Jam’ al-Jawami’, a commentary on Imam al-Haramayn’s Waraqat, a commentary on Ibn Hajar’s Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab, and Fath al-Ghaffar which is a commentary on Ghayat al-Ikhtisar. He passed away in Medina returning from Hajj.

عبد الله بن حجازي الشرقاوي الأزهري

ش ق Sh. Abd Allah b. Hijazi al-Sharqawi al-Azhari (1150-1227) memorized the Quran in his hometown before he set off to study at al-Azhar University. He became Shaykh al-Azhar in the year 1208. He wrote al-Tuhfat al-Bahiyyah fi Tabaqat al-Shafiyyah, a commentary on Sharh al-Tahrir, and Tuhfat al-Nazirin fi man Walla Misr min al-Wulat wa al-Salatin.

منصور الطبلاوي بن ناصر الدين محمد بن سالم الطبلاوي

طب Sh. Mansur b. (d. 1014) Sh. Nasir al-Din Muhammad b. Salim al-Tablawi (d. 966) authored Tajrid Hashiyat Ibn al-Qasim ala al-Tuhfah. He took fiqh from Ramli, sat in the company of Ibn al-Qasim al-‘Abbadi, and then Muhammad al-Shawbari took from him. And Nasir al-Din al-Tablawi authored a commentaries on al-Bahjat al-Wardiyyah, on ‘Abd al-Ghaffar al-Qazwini’s al-Hawi al-Saghir, and on Imam al-Haramayn’s Waraqat.

نور الدين علي بن علي الشبراملسي

ع ش Sh. Nur al-Din ‘Ali b. ‘Ali al-Shabramallisi (997-1087) hailed from the Egyptian city of Shabramallis. Even though he lost his eyesight as an infant, he still studied and taught at al-Azhar University. He authored commentaries on Ramli’s Nihayat al-Muhtaj, on Ibn Hajar’s Ashraf al-Wasa’il, on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi, and on Nihayat al-Sul.

شمس الدين محمد بن داود بن سليمان العناني

ع ن Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Dawud b. Sulayman al-‘Inani (d. 1098) authored Fath al-Karim al-Wahhab ala Sharh Tanqih al-Lubab and Hashiyat ala Umdat al-Rabih fi Marifat al-Tariq al-Wadih. Kattani mentioned that he took from ‘Ali al-Halabi who took from Ramli.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن أحمد بن سلامة القليوبي

ق ل Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Ahmad b. Salamah al-Qalyubi (d. 1069) wrote commentaries on Sh. Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli’s Sharh Minhaj al-Talibin, on Sharh al-Tahrir, and on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi. Also, he authored a treatise under the title al-Hidayah min al-Dalalah on determining both the times and direction for prayers. He took both fiqh and hadith from Muhammad al-Ramli and sat in his company for three years. He also took from Ziyadi and ‘Ali al-Halabi. Ibrahim al-Birmawi took from him.

أبو الإقبال حسن بن علي بن أحمد المنطاوي الأزهري المدابغي

م د Sh. Abu al-Iqbal Hasan b. Ali b. Ahmad al-Mintawi al-Azhari al-Madabighi (d. 1170) wrote a commentary on Iqna’ under the title  Kifayat al-Labib, a commentary on Jam’ al-Jawami’, a commentary on Sharh al-Tahrir, a commentary on Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili’s Hizb al-Bahr, a commentary on Ibn Hajar’s al-Fath al-Mubin which was printed in Cairo in 1307, and other works. In Taj al-‘Urus, it is mentioned that he lived a very long life [mu’ammar] and was sought after for having a high chain of transmission [‘uluw al-isnad].

شمس الدين محمد بن أحمد بن حمزة الرملي الشهير بالشافعي الصغير

م ر Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Hamzah al-Ramli (d. 1007) is also known as “al-Shafi’i al-Saghir.” In Shafi’i fiqh, he wrote Umdat al-Rabih, Ghayat al-Bayan Sharh Zubad Ibn Ruslan, and Nihayat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن حمز الرملي الكبير

الشهاب م ر Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Hamzah al-Ramli al-Kabir (d. 973) commented on Ibn al-Imad’s Manzumah under the title Fath al-Jawwad and on Ibn Ruslan’s Zubad under the title Fath al-Rahman. There is also a compilation of his Fatawa related to have been transmitted by his son, Shams al-Din. In Shadharat al-Dhahab, Ibn al-‘Imad related that Khatib Shirbini compiled a collection of Shihab’s Fatawa. Perhaps, Shihab’s Fatawa was compiled by Khatib, and thereafter transmitted by Shams al-Din al-Ramli.

And Allah knows best.